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How to Help a Client With Kidney Disease Management Through Proper Food Choices

healthy colorful vegetables

Help clients make better dietary choices for kidney disease management with these tips.

As the saying goes, we are what we eat, and for those with kidney disease, it is crucial that a proper dietary plan is followed to reduce symptoms like an upset stomach, pain, swelling and more. Plus, adhering to a kidney-healthy diet might even slow down the progression of the disease. As a professional caregiver, it’s important to know the best and worst dietary choices for someone with kidney disease:

Sodium

High levels of sodium in the diet can lead to fluid retention and high blood pressure, and can cause the heart to work harder. Sodium should be restricted to no more than 2 grams per day for those with kidney disease. One way to help is to avoid serving foods that contain large concentrations of salt, such as:

  • Canned foods
  • Processed or smoked meats
  • Chips, pretzels, and crackers
  • Nuts
  • Pickled foods
  • Condiments such as soy sauce, ketchup, and barbecue sauce

NOTE: Pay close attention to salt substitutes and “reduced sodium” foods, many of which are high in potassium.

Potassium

Potassium is a mineral, and is found in almost all types of food. Our bodies need potassium in order for our muscles to work, but when someone is undergoing dialysis, potassium levels must be monitored very closely. Getting too much or too little potassium can lead to muscle cramps, erratic heartbeat and weakness of the muscles. The physician or dietitian can identify how much potassium is ideal for the specific person.

Protein

Although protein is a vital nutrient, when the kidneys are not performing correctly, excess protein can build up in the blood. Those with kidney disease should consume no more protein than what is needed by the body. When treatment begins early, a diet low in protein along with essential amino acids at appropriate amounts during each meal has been found to prevent the need for, or at least push back the need for dialysis and in fact could even reverse some kidney problems.

Vitamins and Minerals

People with kidney disease may require additional supplements of vitamins to reduce some of the typical side effects of kidney failure, including bone disease or anemia, but they should only be taken if directed by the doctor.

For more resources on caring for someone with kidney disease, or to inquire about joining Hillendale Home Care’s professional care team[D2] , contact our CNA and HHA School by completing our online contact form.